Samuel Howes was baptized 10 June 1610 at Eastwell, Kent, England, the son of John Howes and Alice (Lloyd?). His last name is often seen as House in records. He is my 11th great-grandfather on my Grandmother Millie (Booth) Rollins’ side of the family.
Samuel likely came over with Rev. Lothrop’s group of Separatists in 1634. Samuel settled at Scituate in 1634/5 near the harbor, southeast of Coleman's Hills, between the lots of Rev. Lothrop and Richard Foxwell. Samuel went with Rev. Lothrop and others to be among the first white settlers of Barnstable (1639). He later went to Cambridge, eventually returning to Scituate. His family was close with Rev. John Lothrop—Samuel’s sister Hannah was the Reverend’s first wife.
About April 1636 he married Ann Hammond who was born about 1619. I have sometimes seen his wife’s name as Elizabeth Hammond. Ann’s parents were William Hammond and Elizabeth Paine who were married at Lavenham, a village in Suffolk, England and immigrated to Watertown, Massachusetts.
The couple had four children that I know of: Samuel, Elizabeth, Sarah and John.
I descend from Elizabeth who married John Sutton.
Samuel was a shipbuilder by trade. Capt. George Henry Preble’s NEHGR April 1871 article Notes on Early Ship-Building in Massachusetts, states that “At Hobart’s landing [Scituate] vessels were built by Samuel House as early as 1650.”
From a deposition in England (below), it shows that he was in the English Navy as a young man. It also indicates he was an opinionated and brave man to make a negative comment about taxation under oath!
The Rawlinson Manuscript, A-128, in the Bodleian Library comprising records of the proceedings of the Court of High Commision (Ecclesiactical Division) 1632, gives an interesting account of the prosecution of Rev. John Lothrop/Lathrop and his flock of dissenters who met at a conventicler [a private meeting to hear illegal preaching]
in the Black Friars, London. Among those arrested were Samuel Howes and his sister Penninah Howes who was a sister-in-law of Mr. Lathrop and their examination by the different members of the court is recorded as follows;
Register: "Samuel Howes," saith the King's advocate, "you are required by your oath to answer to the articles."
Howes: "I have served the King both by sea and by land, and I had been at sea if this restraint had not been made upon me. My conversacon, I thank God, none can tax."
Register: "Will you take your oath?"
Howes: "I am a young man and doe not know what the oath is."
King's Advocate: "The King desires your service in obeying his laws."
Then Penninah Howes was called and required to take her oath but she refused.
London: "Will you trust Mr. Lathrop and believe him rather than the Church of England ?"
Penninah: "I referre myself to the word of God whether I maie take this oath or noe."
Rev. Lothrop served two years in a London prison where many prisoners died because of the deplorable conditions.
The first church services in Barnstable were held at a large boulder known as Sacrament Rock.
|Sacrament Rock, Barnstable|
Rev. Lothrop’s Bible is on display at Sturgis Library in Barnstable.
Samuel died in Scituate on 12 September 1667 (date of death given in his probate records). Ann survived him but I do not know her date of death. Samuel had a large estate in Barnstable and Scituate.
Ann was the niece of William Paine of Boston, a man of great wealth, who left 10 pounds to his "kinswoman Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel House.”
The inventory of the Estate of Samuel House Sr. who deceased the 12th day of Sept 1661: appraised at the request of Samuel House Jr. and Elizabeth House, children of the deceased by Timothy Hatherly, Nicholas Baker, Joseph Tilden and Isaac Chittenden. Among the items are the boat as she with the new sayle at Boston, and all belonging to it: 80 lbs. The house and land at Scituate, 60 lbs. His share of a parcel of land granted by the court, to the ancient freemen of Duxburrow, Scituate and Marshfield, 251 lbs. These goods heer underwritten, not being here at Scituate, were appraised by Tristem Hull and John Chipman of Barnstable, because the goods were there.
The property at Barnstable was all personal, including his wife's gown at 1 lb 17s; his sonnes suite at 1 lbs. Samuel House Jr. was deposed to the truth of the above written inventory. (Mayflower Descendant Vol. 15, p. 59)
Sources Not Listed Above:
Amos Otis, Genealogical Notes of Barnstable Families, being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers, 1888
Dan R. McConnell, The Howes, Lothrops, and Linnells of Kent and London, England, and Scituate and Barnstable, Massachusetts, Cape Cod Genealogical Society Bulletin, Fall 2007