Welcome! I really enjoy exchanging information with people and hope this blog will help with that. I am not an expert and I consider most of my research as a work in progress. Some of the surnames I'm researching:

Many old Cape families including Kelley, Eldredge/idge, Howes, Baker, Mayo, Bangs, Snow, Chase, Ryder/Rider, Freeman, Cole, Sears, Wixon, Nickerson.
Many old Plymouth County families including Washburn, Bumpus, Lucas, Cobb, Benson.
Johnson (England to MA)
Corey (Correia?) (Azores to MA)
Booth, Jones, Taylor, Heatherington (N. Ireland to Quebec)
O'Connor (Ireland to MA)
My Mayflower Ancestors (only first two have been submitted/approved by the Mayflower Society):
Francis Cooke, William Brewster, George Soule, Isaac Allerton, John Billington, Richard Warren, Peter Browne, Francis Eaton, Samuel Fuller, James Chilton, John Tilley, Stephen Hopkins, John Howland.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

John Smalley b. ca 1613, d. 1692 of England, Plymouth and Eastham Mass., and Piscataway, NJ

John Smalley, sometimes seen as Small, was born about 1613 in England.  Underhill states he was from Devonshire and came from the same neighborhood as the Drakes who were also early settlers of Piscataway, NJ, but I do not know her source for this. He is my 10th great grandfather on my grandmother Milly (Booth) Rollins’ side of the family. He came in 1632 with Edward Winslow on the William and Francis. He first lived at Plymouth. He was one of the first seven settlers of Eastham in March 1644/45, in an area that became Orleans.

He married Ann Walden at Plymouth on 29 November 1638. (PCR 1:103). They had four children, births recorded Plymouth.

--Hannah the Daughter of John Smalley born Plymouth 14 June 1641, married John Bangs, remained in Eastham, no issue
--John the son of John Smalley born at Plymouth 8 September1644, m. Lydia Marten, lived in Piscataway

--Isacke and Mary the son and daughter of John Smalley were born 11 December 1647. Mary married John Snow, lived at Eastham (with a brief time in Piscataway) and had nine children. She married second Ephraim Doane. Isaac married Esther Wood and second Mary White and lived in Piscataway.

I descend from Mary and her first husband John Snow.

Propounded 7 Sept 1641 as "John Smaley" (PCR 2:24) and admitted 1 March 1641/2 (PCR 2:33). His name appears toward the end of the Plymouth section of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen, presumably added upon his admission to freemanship in 1642, then is crossed out and appears again in the Eastham section (PCR 8:174, 177). In the Eastham section of the 1658 Plymouth Colony list of freemen (PCR 8:201).

John was a tailor by trade. "Memorandum, the last day of August, 1639, that Richard Higgens for & in consideration that John Smalley shall teach Samuell Godbertson the trade of a tailor, as far as in him lieth, & principally employ him therein" (PCR 1:129-30).

He was somewhat active in town affairs. Coroner's jury, 5 June 1638, in the deaths of Robert Chapell, James Nicolls and William Pidell (PCR 1:88, 4:176). Grand Jury, 6 June 1654, 6 June 1660, 7 June 1665 (PCR 3:49, 188, 4:91). Jury, 7 June 1642, 7 March 1642/3, 6 June 1643, 5 March 1643/4, 8 June 1654, 2 Oct 1662, 5 June 1666 (PCR 7:31, 34, 335, 37, 70, 105, 4:125).

He was appointed Eastham constable 1 June 1647 (PCR 2:115). Surveyor of highways 6 June 1649 (PCR 2:139). In the Plymouth section of the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms (PCR 8:188).

John had some education as he signed a deed and as a witness to the deeds of others.

On 5 February 1637/38 John Smaley was granted a garden place at Willingsley Brook and six acres upon Woberry Plain, in Plymouth County (PCR 1:76). On 2 July 1638 mention is made of his request, with three others, for swamp land at Willingsby Brooke (PCR 1:90). On 11 June 1640 John Smalley and Richard Higgens exchanged two parcels of meadow of one acre each (PCR 12:59). On 2 November 1640 he was granted five acres “in the South Meddows towards Aggawam, Colebrook Meddowes.” (PCR 1:166). On 31 December 1641 he was granted five acres of meadow in Cole Brooke Meadow (PCR 2:30).

On 21 March 1644(/5), John Smalley sold to Edmond Tilson all his house and housing and garden place at Wellingsley with the uplands, all his meadow at Warren's Wells and Colebrook meadows (PCR 12:108). A further grant was made 1 June 1658 (PCR 3:142). On 3 June 1662 he was on the list of "servants and ancient freemen" to have land (PCR 4:18). On 3 Oct 1662 he was one of those to be considered, with others, for land on the northerly bounds of Taunton (PCR 4:27).

On 1 October 1662, Mannasses Kemton, yeoman, of Plymouth, with consent of his wife, sold to John Smalley of Eastham for 40 shillings already paid to him, two acres of marsh meadows in Eastham near Smalley’s current house, which previously belonged to Mr. William Bradford, deceased.

John Smalley brought one gallon of liquor into the town of Eastham 28 November 1664 (PCR 4:100).

John was involved in a tragic event. On 5 March 1667/8 a coroner's jury inquired into the death of "a child about five or six years old, which was kept by John Smalley, Senr., of Eastham being found dead in the woods, about six or seven miles from the house of John Smalley abovesaid, we do all judge, that it came by his death by straying away, lost its right path to get home again, and was killed by the cold" (PCR 4:177).

John moved to Piscataway, Middlesex Co., New Jersey, by 1670 when he does not appear in the Plymouth Colony list of freemen. He was among the earliest pioneer freeholders of this New Jersey settlement which was founded as Piscataqua in 1666 by four New Hampshire men who collectively purchased one third of Daniel Pierce’s holdings in the Woodbridge Patent. In 1674, Piscataway’s population was 43. I am not sure what the Smalley family’s motivation was in settling Piscataway, perhaps fertile farm land. Something I need to further research.

John was an important member of this New Jersey community. He was named Magistrate on 26 August 1673 and in 1675 he was commissioned a justice of the peace, and at the same time appointed associate justice of the court of sessions, a position he filled for several years.

From what I’ve read, magistrates were in charge of the colonial court proceedings. Serious crimes went before a jury but lesser crimes were heard and decided by the magistrate. They believed their main role was to enforce God's plan and attempted to force a confession from the accused and make them repent their sins.
Image result for colonial court magistrate
Mock trial, Colonial Williamsburg

He must have been close friend or perhaps relative of Richard Higgins, as they were connected in several records and moved to Eastham and then Piscataway about the same time.

John Smalley of Piscataway wrote his will on 16 July 1689 "in consideration of the natural affection and fatherly consideration I have & bear unto my well beloved and dutiful son Isaac Smallee of the same…having had large experience of his filial love and endeavors towards his aged parents in making our lives comfortable to us in this our pilgrimage hitherto...grant and confirm unto my said son Isaac Smalley all & singular my goods chattels, debts, household stuff, brass, pewter, bedding...excepting my arms (viz.) my sword & gun & my wearing apparell, which I have given to my son John Smalley after my decease, to my daughter Hanah Banges 1s., to my son John Smallie's two sons John & Jonathan one yearling heifer between them, and to my daughter Mary Snowe's three eldest daughters 5s. apiece...my loving wife Ann Smallie shall have one cow to dispose of according to her will & pleasure...if the said Isaac Smally should die before his said father & mother John & Ann Smally or the longer liver of them both, then it shall or may be lawful, and the said John & Ann Smally or either of them hath full power & authority to reenter and to take into their possession & custody & dispose of any of the goods & chattells above mentioned" (Small Gen 1:29-31, citing East Jersey LR F:395-7). This testamentary deed was "proved" 23 June 1697.

John Smalley died at Piscataway 30 July 1692 (Small Gen 1:29, source not cited).

Mary Smalley died at Piscataway on 29 Jan 1693/4 (NJHSP 4:4:42).

Enoch Pratt, Comprehensive History of Eastham, Wellfleet and Orleans, 1844
Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins 3:1687, 1995
Josiah Paine, Early Setters of Eastham, Book 1, No. 33 of the Library of Cape Cod History & Genealogy series, 1916
Eugene Stratton, Plymouth Colony, It's History and People, 1986
Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward Small of New England
and the Allied Families with Tracings of English Ancestry

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Hugh Stewart born ca 1650, died Chatham, Mass., 1711-1716

Hugh Stewart was an early settler in Chatham, Mass. I don’t have much information on him—where he’s from or any definite birth or death dates. I do know he was a farmer and that it was likely he was literate as his inventory included books. In records he is sometimes referred to Ensign, so he did serve in the local militia. He is my 8th great-grandfather on my grandmother Milly Booth Rollins’ side of the family. His last name is spelled in a variety of ways including Steward, Stuard and Stuart.

He married Waitstill Deane, their marriage recorded Yarmouth Vital Records, but page is torn. Says Hugh Stuard was married to Watestill (Wate written over Hope) Deane the 13th (torn). First entry on the page; the next entry is also torn ____ary 72 (1672). So I would guess they were married on the 13th of January or February in 1672. I haven’t found Wait’s parents, although I have read she was born Yarmouth 1652, daughter of Robert and Mary Denne/Deane, but without source.

Children, order uncertain as the Yarmouth vital record pages are damaged/worn:

I descend from Joseph who married Mary, whose maiden name is unknown.

Description of Deacon Samuel Taylor's land at West Chatham mentions it was bound on the west by Hugh Stewart's farm.

Hugh Stuart of Monomoy aka Chatham with three others petitioned the General Court that “lands purchased of the Indians John and Josephus Quason in 1694, called Monomoy Beach, with some pieces of meadow, etc., may be confirmed to them.”
Map showing location of early settler's lands in Chatham
Barnstable Co. Probate 3:307: Hugh Stuard of Monamoy (Chatham) wrote his will 5 March 1710/11. He asked that his funeral charges and debts be paid. Left to his loving wife Weit Stuard his dwelling house, lands and meadows. If she remarries, to get one third. After her death, three sons, Joseph, Ebenezer and Samll to receive equal parts, some already lotted out to Joseph. He bequeathed 10 shillings to each of his daughters and his grandchild Lydia Covell. Mentions he already gave land to son Michael Stuard. After his wife’s decease, his sons were to pay daughters as follows: Temperance Stuard, 10 pounds; Catom Nickerson 5 pounds; Joanna (no last name given) 5 pounds; Marcey Hall 8 pounds; Grandchild Lydia Covell 5 pounds. Named son Joseph his executor. Signed by his mark. Witnessed by Mary Doane, Joseph Doane Jr., Mary Doane Jr.

Barnstable Co. Probate 3:308. Inventory of Hugh Steward late of Chatham, Joseph Doane Esq. and Joseph Steward, son, excecutors, inventory taken 24 January 1715/16. Mentions livestock (3 steers, young cow, brown heifer, old horse, four swine), food stuffs (hay, wheat, Indian corn, rye, barrel of pork, ½ barrel of beef, bushel of salt), household furnishings and supplies (tallow, yarn, 2 spinning wheels, old books etc. ), farm equipment (grinding stone etc), and an old broken canoe. It is a long inventory list but no total is given.

So Hugh Stewart died in Chatham between 05 Mar 1710/11 and 24 Jan 1715/16. I have seen Waitstill's death as 1716, but without a source.


Barnstable County Probate records

Cape Cod Library of Local History and Genealogy, compiled by Leonard H, Smith, No. 36, Early Chatham Settlers by William C. Smith, 1915

Sunday, May 7, 2017

The Pilgrims and Natives First Encounter

In Governor William Bradford’s account of the Pilgrims’ arrival in America, Of Plymouth Plantation, he described the first extended contact between the recently arrived Mayflower passengers and a group of Native Americans (believed to be Nausets). On December 7, 1620, a group of men, led by Captain Myles Standish, left the Mayflower as it was anchored off Provincetown for some exploration and foraging. The next morning, they were surprised by a group of Native Americans—arrows flew and shots were fired, but no harm resulted. They had experienced a long night pierced by the “hideous and great cry” of what seemed to be “a company of wolves or such like wild beasts.” In the early morning, the exploring party was confronted by another “great and strange cry, which they knew to be the same voices they heard in the night.” This time, however, a returning scout exclaimed that the voices were not animals but “Men, Indians! Indians!”
Bradford’s next paragraph is an action-packed account, featuring flying arrows and firing muskets, repeated charges and counter-charges, swinging cutlasses and hatchets. 

The Pilgrims’ superior weaponry eventually enabled them to chase off the Natives, but Bradford attributed the victory to a different source:
Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies and give them deliverance; and by His special providence so to dispose that not any one of them was either hurt or hit, though their arrows came close by them and on every side of them; and sundry of their coats, which hung up in the barricade, were shot through and through. Afterwards they gave God solemn thanks and praise for their deliverance, and gathered up a bundle of their arrows and sent them into England afterward by the master of the ship, and called that place the First Encounter.

This First Encounter took place at what is now called First Encounter Beach in Orleans on Cape Cod. I’ve been curious to see the spot and stopped there while on the Cape last weekend. I was struck by what a beautiful and peaceful spot it is—there were wind surfers in the distance and a few people walking their dogs or sitting and enjoying the sun and bracing sea air. It is hard to imagine it as the site of such a violent exchange. There is a stone with a plaque attached identifying it’s history, but the plaque is now hard to read.

From an earlier photograph of the plaque I can read the names of the Mayflower men who were involved in the skirmish:
Myles Standish, John Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, John and Edward Tilley, John Howland, Richard Warren, Stephen Hopkins, Edward Dotey/Doty, John Allerton, Thomas English, Master Mate Clarke, Master Gunner Conn (?) and Three Sailors of the Mayflower Company. Of these men, Richard Warren, John Howland, John Tilley, and Stephen Hopkins are my direct ancestors.

source: Eastham Historical Society

There is (or was) another plaque at the site which I did not see on my visit, shown on the postcard below. 
source: DigitalCommonwealth.org

I had my seven-month old grandson with me and it was his first encounter with a beach. Gave me a bit of a thrill! I’ve certainly turned into a history/genealogy nerd!

Monday, May 1, 2017

Austin/Augustine Bearse born ca 1618 Possibly Southampton, England, lived Barnstable, Mass.

Austin (also seen as Augustine) Bearse (also seen in many other variations including Bearce) was born ca 1618, possibly in or near Southampton, England. He is my 11th great-grandfather on my grandmother Milly (Booth) Rollins’ side of the family.

He immigrated at age 20 on the ship Confidence of London, leaving Southampton, England on 24 April 1638. He came to Barnstable with the first company in 1639 and was admitted freeman there in May 1653. He was a member of Rev. Lothrop’s church and listed as a member there on 29 April 1643. His name rarely occurs in records, which shows he wasn’t overly involved in public service but that he also wasn’t the subject of legal squabbles which were so common. He served as a grand juror in 1653 and 1662 and a surveyor of highways in 1674.  

His wife’s name is not known, but some say her first name was Mary.

The couple had 11 children, born and recorded in Barnstable:

Mary b. 1640, baptized 6 May 1643
Martha b. 1642, baptized 6 May 1643
Priscilla b. 10 March 1643/4, baptized 11 March 1643/4, married Deacon John Hall Jr of Yarmouth
Sarah b. 28 March 1646, baptized 29 March 1646, married John Hamblin of Barnstable
Abigail, born 18 Dec 1647, baptized 19 Dec, 1647, married Allen Nichols of Barnstable
Hannah b. 16 Nov 1649, baptized 18 Nov 1649
Joseph b. 25 Jan 1651/2, baptized the same day, m. Martha Taylor. He was probably a soldier in King Philip's war as his sons had land rights in the town of Gorham (later Maine)
Lydia born end of Sept 1655
Rebecca b. Sept 1657
James born end of July 1660

I descend from his daughter Priscilla.  

There have been stories that Austin was a Gypsy (his mother called a gypsy princess) and that he was deported as a criminal from England. The story goes that none of the white women were interested in him because of his dark skin, so he married Native American Princess “Little Dove” Hyanno, daughter of Chief Iyyanough. This is always a subject that gets a lot of people fired up, as they strongly believe the legend or feel it’s just a myth. It seems to me that since he was a church going man, living in Barnstable, with children who married into the best English families, that it is impossible he was a gypsy and his wife was a Native American. Whenever I read “princess” to do with an ancestor, I immediately see red flags. There is also no evidence the ship Confidence held any prisoners. The early settlers weren’t exactly an open minded lot and wouldn’t have accepted a gypsy who married a Native American, who by the way was a criminal, into their church and community!

Centerville house attributed to Austin Bearse from geni.com
The Cape Cod Genealogy Society Bulletin, Spring 2003, has a map showing locations of first century houses in the town of Barnstable which shows the home of Austin Bearse, a full Cape, at 38 Church Hill Road, Centerville. A post on geni.com says the house still stands but I’ve also read that only the house cellar and remains of an orchard mark the site. A walking map of historic Centerville by the Centerville Historic Society Museum does indicate the house at 38 Church Hill Road was built by Bearse ca 1686, which would've been very late in his life. Something I need to investigate further. A road from his house to Hyannis is still called Bearse’s Way. His house lot contained twelve acres of rocky land  and was in the westerly part of the East Parish. He also owned six acres of meadow and two thatch islands.

There is no record of his death or estate settlement, but he Otis wrote he was living in 1686 and died before 1697. 

I haven’t read it, but researcher Dale Cook said there is a thorough but hard-to-find work on this family is an unpublished typescript by Fanny Louisa (Steed) Meadows, assisted by Jennie M. Ames, Genealogical Records of Austin Bearse (or Bearce) of Barnstable, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A. A.D. 1638 to A.D. 1933 ... (Cleveland, OH: 1933; Supplement 1939).

Sources Not Listed Above:
Vernon R. Nickerson, From Pilgrims and Indians... manuscript
Charleen Bearce Lambert, Cape Cod and Main Connections: A Bearce/Bearse Example, Cape Cod Genealogy Society Bulletin, vol 2., no 1, Spring 2012
Amos Otis,  Genealogical Notes of Barnstable Families, being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers, originally published in the Barnstable Patriot, revised by CF Swift, Volume 1 and 2, Barnstable, MA, The Patriot Press, 1888
Donald Lines Jacobus, Austin Bearse and His Alleged Indian Connections, The American Genealogist, Vol. 15, 1938